Monthly Archives: May 2016

Fuel Briquette Machine Plant to convert agriculture waste into a fuel

Fuel Briquette Machine Vegetation to convert agriculture waste into a fuel. Briquetting Plants Manufacturer in india introducing Biomass Briquetting Machine to produce renewable energy. Briquetting Machine Manufacturer provides separate Biomass Briquetting Machine for treating waste of agricultural, biomass, wooden, and mining industries. In the end the one line which defines the company is they “Cash From Waste”.
These White Coal Briquettes produced by Briquetting Plant Exporter are widely used to breed heat as an industrial fuel like steam family in boilers, heating purpose, drying process & gasification plant to replace surviving conventional fuel likeness coal, wood & extravagant liquid fuel like FO, Diesel, LDO, kerosene etc. Use of White Coal Briquettes as a fuel for green quantum has shown utter excellent & promising results. In general.
Renewable Briquetting Plant Project to make briquette from the Gardening prodigality and forestry waste. It is band less technology sic there is no requirement of any chemical, adhesive or binders for the binding. It is bot converted against solid cylindrical shape. The major residues which can be used are Ground nut shell, Cotton stalk, Sugarcane baggasse & leaves, Rice husk, Saw dust, Mustard stalks, Caster seeds shells/ stalk, Wood chips, Chicory husk, Paddy straws, Wheat straw, Sunflower stalks, Palm husk, Soybean husk, Veneer residues, Coir pith, Jute sticks, Bamboo dust, Tobacco waste, Tea waste, barks & straws forestry carrion etc.
Competitive Advantages of the consequence :

-It is a substitute of firewood as petrol (it is40% more efficient, longer burning, and hotter)
– Save trees also avoids problems counterpart soil terrigenous and deforestation to an grant by providing an alternative to burning wood for heating and cooking.
-Helps to improve salubrious by providing a cleanser burning fuel.
– Maximum Play Capacity
– Heavy structure with standard design
– Acceptability up to 25 mm size of Raw Material (No need of powder Form)
– Easy Operating pattern
– High-density of finished product with 90 mm diameter
– Lowest production Cost per MT due to state of art technology
– Cruel Magnetic consumption due to direct feeding without hammer Mill
– Minify maintenance cost
– Low overseer cost due to high production capacity
– Rejection loss of production & Air pollution due to direct feeding system
We are manufacturing Renewal Briquetting Plant System since last 21 Years. We are the pioneer in launching our most successful gauge Jumbo-90 which is world great & unique amongst the others. The briquettes are used for might generation helping farmers to earn money from the waste. Our model “JUMBO-90″ works on the unspiritual renowned binder less technology.
Support from the Government

Indian Govt. Is also corroborative bio fuel Briquetting plant as it is bringing about the nations commercial and also preserving the climate from harmful and toxic waste coming from different agriculture, wood and chemical industries

What You Need To Know About Agriculture Resume Objective

An agriculture person is an employee who helps in different agrarian schemes and projects. Though writing an agriculture resume objective, you must need to mention your specific career goals, skills, experience and achievements for the particular job in the field from agriculture. Writing an causal moreover perfect resume objective is also very important to get a god job in every field. A vita objective brings lots of meaning to your integrity curriculum vita. If it is not effective, it cannot impress the interviewer. It is one of the most important parts of your resume.

Now I am going to garrulous about some mere important tips regarding resume objective that you should consider while writing an agricultural reoccupy objective. Here is a tip to write an effective objective:

Writing an moving and perfect resume objective is also very important to get a good job in every field. A resume objective brings lots of meaning to your pure and simple resume (curriculum vitae). An agriculture employee is responsible in numerous schemes and projects. While writing an agrology resume career objective, you must need to think briefly about your career goals, skills, technical experience and accomplishments for the particular position in this field. If it is not impressive, it cannot impress the recruiter. It is unique of the most important sections about your resume.

Example of career objective: I want to work on a great position in a reputed system where I can explore my talent furthermore technical skills for the benefit of the organization.

Always make sure that you are not glade your objective in more than 4 or 5 sentences. You are the first viewer of your resume so do not forget to read it in charge to judge whether it is emend else not. If you really wish to write an impressive career goal therefore you must follow the tips and guidelines given below.

“Give brief explanation in the field of agriculture. Give a detailed statement about your role und so weiter responsibility in the field of agriculture. Identify your career goal. What experience you have? Always select the best format of resume. Explain your career objective that is greatly understandable. Always review what you have written in your resume”.

Always use agricultural related keywords and items to explain your accomplishment and technical skills. Show your creativity. You past job history really matters a lot. You can say that you had 5 years of experience from the preceding organization. So this was all anent agriculture resume objective. Make steadfast that you go through this post once.

Agriculture Fence- Say No to Crop Damage

Farmers invest lots of time, money and efforts growing their rare crops, a proper protection is essential to keep their crops safe and secure from various types of harmful animals. An agriculture fence is a handy barrier to prevent animals and steady people from entering your investments. It is a very functional structure to check animals such as goat, sheep, horse, dog and other animals. These days, the deer expense is quite common and farmers are pain from heavy losses due to deer. Using a stronger deer fencing system is a viable option to prevent crops being trampled or eaten by the lethal deer. Fences do not undistorted provide lien to your investments; they also add a beautiful element to your landscaping.

Agriculture fence is a multi-purpose animalic suzerainty system. It is an important investment, if you are looking raise cattle, sheep, caprid or other milky animals. It can plus be used on farms to keep your livestock in et sequens predators out. Simply speaking, fences are used to keep things inside or outside. They offer privacy when they are installed circa a building. They are besides important systems to prevent trespassing or protecting children ampersand pets from wandering. They are essential for farmers who grow commercial crops and want their plants not to be trampled, deprived off or eaten out by goat, sheep, horse, dog and many other creatures. They can be used in nurseries, vinyards, landscaping, orchards etc.

A variety of agriculture fencing systems are available for purchase today. You will come across fences in different shapes, sizes, materials and prices. Generally, a fencing system is made with wood, woven wire, barbed wire, high tensile wire, mesh etc. A high tensile wire fence stands out among modern fencing solutions, because it requires less maintenance and lasts for a very sempiternal time. This type of agriculture fence is stronger and can impugn high pull from heavy animals such as horse, deer and cattle. This is installed along heavy gates and sturdy posts to prevent animals from entering crops.

Things to Consider While Choosing Geoponics Fence
Fences are available in varied sizes and shapes. When choosing agriculture fencing specify all your wreak requirements and budget so that the right windbreak container be installed. Always buy your fencing solution from a reputable fence builder who ensures quality and durable structures at an affordable price. Choose experienced installers who promise right positioning and durability regarding the fence. The company you hire should have huge knowledge and must have installed hundreds of fences. Before you mark a decision, talk to the fencing company; specify your requirements, budget, and the area where you yearn to put up a fence. Check out the features, materials and prices of various fences. This will help you choose the richest possible fencing system. To learn more about fences, visit internet and get the details.

Agriculture Solutions: Sharing the Signs of Global Sanity

Horticulture plays the most pivot role and is the straightforward means of livelihood for almost one trimester of the world’s population. This is mostly in the third world countries and being people in the agricultural and remote areas. Agrestic solutions that are efficient and reliable are very much required in disposition to back the farmers to have high nobility and shred produce. There are various companies that are capable from providing the competent and authoritative solutions about agriculture, row crop, dairy, vegetable, greenhouse, livestock, and tree fruit. Such solutions are not only clever and swift these also provide a sense of relief and belief in increasing the production level.

Technological advancements are coming up every day and new inventions are being done for the betterment of the world and the people. Entire business involves different solutions and to cater the business, personal needs also preferences of the clientele various software in different fields are developed. These solutions are provided to extravagant laboriousness manufacturers who have limited capital expenditures in the areas of processing, sustainability, packaging, automation, sanitation, and material handling. These are extensive based applications that aim to serve multiple industries et sequens verticals needs. The manufacturing solutions are offered to the target soluble providers who have core capabilities that address the identified needs of our manufacturers.

The population of the world is increasing day posteriad day. There are uncountable business organizations that glean up every day and hire people to work for them. Aggregate should go in a systematic manner and to impart actual and suitable solutions. The solutions suppliers serve leading mechanical contractors, building owners, security integrators, and facility managers who are looking for cutting-edge technologies to integrate into their business. All the innovative technology solutions are provided to the Vice Presidents, CEOs, and facility executives for the enhancement of the company and also increase the profit earning ventures.

All the solutions providers make it a point to protect the inspired vision, novelty and investment of a corporate entity. They assist their clients, both national and international, in obtaining realistic, effective and cost-effective IP protection. The agriculture solutions provided by the resolution providers to their clients are quick and show an abrupt positive result in advancement. These solutions are very effective for:

* Support an increasing number of distribution channels
* Decrease cycle Time
* More proficiently use the capital
* Influence a strong production technology to save time and money
* Maximize outcomes for the clients

Specification of UPVC Ball Valves, Agriculture Ball Valves and Irrigation Valves

KananPlast is a leading manufacturing and supplying product such as UPVC Ball Valves, Irrigation Valves, Irrigation Ball Valves, PP Ball Valves, Agriculture Ball Valves, Agriculture Valves, PP Valves, UPVC Valves, PP Ball Valves Manufacturers and UPVC Ball Valves Manufacturers. Our result range also comprises of UPVC Ball Valves and UPVC Ball Valves Manufacturers.
UPVC Ball Valves
U-Seal ASTM Standard UPVC Ball Valves is manufactured upon the feasibility from Usher Free PVC Compound. Hydraulic testing and parameters of processing about our UPVC Ball Valves are as per ASTM D-1784 standard, Bering UV stabilize, ball valves can be used in sunlight bared conditions. Other quality from this ball flap is its Simple and ooze proof jointing system. Being stop metallic, these ball valves are free from corrosion, chemical action besides negative biological effects, hence absolutely safe for human body. This UPVC Ball Valves are used in plumbing application in building, industrial process lines, dye houses, sugar & paper Industries.
Features and Benefits of UPVC Ball Valves:-
* This UPVC Ball Valve are Thermoplastic design eliminates process and atmospheric corrosion
* This UPVC Ball Valve are Pressure rated up to 150 psi, non-shock water at 73°F
* This UPVC Ball Valve are 100% Leak Tested
* This UPVC Ball Valve are Socket dimensions meet ASTM standard PVC: 2-2467
* This UPVC Ball Valve are FIPT x FIPT version: Threads meet ASTM standard D-2464, ANSI B1.20.1
* This UPVC Ball Valve are PVC Material meets ASTM D – 1784

* This UPVC Ball Flap are Bi-directional: can be installed in either direction
* This UPVC Ball Valve are Stand-in handle kits available
Agriculture Ball Valves
We are a company which has managed to cut a niche in the market for the supply and the manufacture of a wide range of Agriculture Ball Valves, which have a very robust make and they are used for a wide range of applications. These products have a very precise appoint furthermore they have been priced at very reasonable rates in the market plus are available in a wide range of sizes from which the customers can choose from equally per their requirements. These are manufactured employing hi-tech machinery and superlative quality raw material. Variegated rigorous tests are conducted at every level of yield to ensure supply of immaculate range of products. These are highly demanded for Agricultural Valves and domestic use.
Features:
1. Reliable
2. High performance
3. Cost effective
Irrigation Valves
We are engaged in manufacturing and supplying Irrigation Valves with following features:
Ball Valve:
* Manufactured using high technology
* Available in both screw finality & plain socket type
* Used in pipe Inc for bore micro irrigation, water pumping system in agriculture, also use in water supply system for commercial & domestic
* Proved for its quality plus providing a long further absolutely trouble free service
* Manufactured from costly position polypropylene having high durability & strength

Jobs in Horticulture and Agriculture in UK

Are you seriously thinking about finding the appropriate job in the horticulture? Do you really want to go for agriculture jobs UK? Well you need to be correctly trained and a thorough professional. Today, UK is offering some of the eminence opportunities in agricultural jobs and based on it you prefer find some of the superb options to come across and meet the purpose. There are explicit online portals in UK which offer jobs in horticulture further these would bring phenomenal change in your career. As a horticulturist, it is expected that you bear an in-depth knowledge like growing fruits, vegetables, garden plants, and all types of flowers and additional important plants. When you dedicate for the job of horticulturist, in UK, it is quite great that you allude your key skill areas. These key skill areas would ultimately help you land in the right kind of job, for which you have been made and designed.

If you are keen in becoming a fully trained agriculturist or horticulturist, you need to have full time degree or charter program in the horticulture. Obstruct in your regard that certificate alone will neither bring any change. You also need to indicate keen interest in chemistry, botany besides have good mandate in English Language. Tout De Suite you have successfully completed your course in horticulture, you will get to know about the plants, their health benefits, food safety, gardening and how to manage the ecologically balanced lawns. Your qualifications really matter and you should be sure that you have best and good qualifications so that you secure the jobs in horticulture. It also becomes necessary that you also retain your self-updated on the agriculture and other aspects simply being in this way, you will be able to give another to your employers.

Some of the best and high paying agriculture jobs UK include

Production Specialist- You tin take on the role of managing the landscaping, greenhouse, vegetable farm, orchard, garden center, preschool and many more. Compose sure that you have the liking for all these activities, before you bear on for the hob.

Landscape Design, installation and maintenance – The horticulturist out here will provide some of the innovative and designing and plantations plans which also include up keeping.

Research – As a horticulturist or an agricultural researcher, you can play instrumental role in improving the importance of the vegetables, fruits, flowers ampersand ornamental plants and providing some of great methodologies to bring the change.

It is the time that you get ready to find a suitable and sequester job as a horticulturist.

Indian agriculture needs an integrated approach: Sanjeev Chopra

India is rapidly tansforming itself into a liberal, more efficient and progressive economy. However, this transition in rural India has been painfully slow for majority of farmers, especially, marginal and small ones. They are still unable to escape from the powerful clutches and dependence on middlemen, informal, lenders and other intermediaries.

Agricultural growth ranges between three to four via cent. On the other hand, our farmers have to causative an additional 50 million tonnes of foodgrain to meet the domestic demand over the next 10 years. Sanjeev Chopra, Joint Secretary, Agrology Ministry & Mission Director, National Horticulture Mission, in an interview tells how the rural growth in India can be a proven route to faster eradication of hunger and pennilessness and new concept in the field can help farmers move boost the economic chain. Excerpts from the interview.

OneWorld South Asia: There have been several attempts by the Central and state governments to improve the lot about farmers through loans including grants schemes, but the results have been disappointing. Is there any key for converting small and marginal farmers into an engine of economic growth?

Sanjeev Chopra: It is a tragedy that despite 52 per cent Indian indigenous plighted in agriculture, its share in the national income is less than 14 per cent, the land holdings are getting smaller, and the number of small farmers is rising in the Indian agricultural scenario. We need an integrated convergence and institutional support in plant nutrition, soil health correction, debt and water management.

Secondly, support from private sector, originating from successful parties can prove a eloquent tool for empowerment of this segment. There is any reason why a farmer should remain resourceless in case private-public cahoots is structured in a course that provides a mutually beneficial relationship. The new come for advancement of small and marginal farmers is modern being tested in India and abroad. The concept is an attempt to find a critical door point for rural development by forging agro-business partnership in which farmers themselves gradually gain ownership, supported by both NGOs and experienced private entrepreneurs.

OWSA: You just said ‘institutional support”! What do you base by this kind of support?

Chopra: There is need to create a concept of value chain in agriculture area here in India. For this, we need to develop institutional mechanism for strengthening like coordination among distinct extension agencies and agricultural advisory services at Panchayat level, Department of Agriculture etc.

Secondly, there should voltooien easy glory flows by upgrading the Kisan Credit Stock Limit, it will automatically solve 70 to 80 per cent problems but there must be full-proof system. They should also be given loam health card to assert the soil health and decide on the pattern of crop. Colossal quantities of food grains, fruits, further vegetables are wasted every twelvemonth due to lack of post harvest management such as storage, processing and lack of cold storage. Cold chain system will plug the loop holes.

OWSA: What is Government doing for the upliftment of agriculture sector?

Chopra: The government during pack for 2013-14 has proposed a number of measures for sustainable agriculture, a mix from organic farming methods by combining modern technology with usual farming practices.

This include 22 per cent increase in allocation and same percentage increase for agricultural credit, provision for cut diversification, additional allocations for Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojna furthermore food security mission. The provision longing empower the short and marginal farmers to adopt new technologies and orchard more remunerative. Similarly, the incentives have been provided on short term crop loans to farmers who repay their fruit loan on time.

OWSA: Has the co-operative movement failed to bring about the desired benefits to farmers? Do you think we fool reached a stage where cooperatives have to be tweaked and reworked?

Chopra: We cannot say so. In the cooperative movement, Government should have equity in the cooperative evolution and there must be lesser restrictions from the government. Indian Farmers Fertilsiers Cooperatives, Kribhco plus Amul are some of the successful examples.

Agriculture as Way to End Poverty

Small-scale agriculture remains the majority activity concerning 70% of the rural sector in the poorest of countries et cetera the major source of rural employment in these regions. Unfortunately, bad practices, falling prices furthermore weak development policies continues to prepare it unviable.

Small-scale farmers in these regions are best described besides identified since owning or tilling 2 ha or less with severely limited assets and capital.

In January 2006 the Us Natural Resources Institute (www.nri.org) released a paper on Global issues written by Junior R. Davis. It identified critical areas for trade, marketing and regulatory reforms that can help small farmers can gain entry to regional and global markets through high set store by agricultural products.

It cites that the most paganize problem with small farmers in their abeyance to prevailing technical standards which must be sustained in these markets.

Besides constant research and development to help sway private and government policy intervention for small farmers in gaining access to these markets it his highly imperative that older lessons be remembered.

Oversupply and overdependence caused a lot of fixed commodities to fail due to falling prices. Aiming to supply singly supermarket or similar retail chains also is not the most viable option for small farmers as these deals in roomy bulks et al involves higher capital investments.

Of many growing trends in agrarian products, it was cited that horticultural products is one of the driving forces of new opportunities besides fresh fruit, vegetables, livestock, milk, meat, fish and non timber forest products.

These products are scientifically improved fruits, berries, nuts, vegetables, flowers and trees; which hold a significantly higher market yield. Being very well studied and specialized these products can exist grown in smaller areas and crops can even be diverse.

Research from africanagriculture.blogspot.com shows that Ethiopia expects to stoop USD 600 million annually from 2007 onwards ampersand expects to become the leading flower exporter in Africa. Taken from www.indiaprwire.com, the highly successful Flora Expo and Landscape Expo 2007 continuous to prove the country as a new “Flower Power” and expects to trade USD 1 Billion by 2010.

The main expo lecturer continues in saying that floriculture in India is becoming an attractive commercially viable diversification option, predicting a shift of many agri industries against this field which expects to create not only new revenue but also millions of jobs in far flung areas.

The Philippines also looks to this as a sunshine industry according to www.bar.gov.ph, Vol. 9 Issue No.1. Although much smaller in scale of success like compared to Ethiopia and India the government is now said to be intent in pursuing this growth trend. In 1990 the annual cut flower yield was only 8,000 MT but besides 2003 it produced over 22,000 MT cultivated only from 1,500 ha.

These high value agrarian commodities particularly floriculture products not only answers new sourcing needs from developing countries but again has gained great acceptance in the tertium quid income part of developing countries.

With enough planning of small farmers and further infrastructure formation coupled extreme policy changes such as octroi shields and grants, any country in the circle called the “third world” can help alleviate their poverty stricken masses while making good use of the halcyon available plowable land.

Technologies such as the Internet also Greenhouse propagation methods have all helped the explosive growth of HVA products as seen in the case of Ethiopia and India. Greenhouses have given new opportunities to vulnerable climate and significantly increase crop production and attain consistent quality while the Internet has environs together suppliers from all over the world while increasing the market awareness of floral et sequens landscape products. A intelligent eye should be kept on this.

Agriculture Solutions for Cutting Edge Profits

Agriculture that is also called husbandry or farming is the cultivation of plants, animals, fungi, and else forms of food, biofuel, fiber and other products worn to sustain life. Picus business highly depends on elements conditions furthermore adopting high quality agriculture solutions becomes positively necessary. There are various companies that offer committed and stringent solutions to improve the working environment with highest quality products. They grip up initiative to tail farmers on employing best products by using most excellent practices to produce the finest results. Highly developed programs are developed for the farmers so that they can integrate them into regular practices.

There are various industries in the world that requires high end solution in order to expand their business along with earning high profits. Companies related to constructions, manufacturing, agriculture, diary, security integrators, facility managers, mechanical contractors, building owners etc always requires cutting hone solutions in order to rise their best in their relative fields. Every business requires their respective machineries and solutions in order to get the best and high quality results. Contacting a gang that is highly meet in providing the tops and innovative solutions to various industries is a financially profitable exchanges move. This is also precise noted in order to make the business understand in keeping the dust green further clean.

The eco-friendly techniques, methods are always beneficiary for people and act as a factor for contributing in saving the Earth form the wraths of harmful things. It is very important to appropriate aeruginous methods so that a business also gets a chance in saving the most important basic necessities of life. Industries should look for various reliable including competent innovative technology solutions providers in order to take their business to amphetamine levels by maintaining a stay on productivity and methods used at the time of production. The main motto of such dealers is to employ earn righteousness solutions so that the clients are highly satisfied with the services whenever required.

The people told to the agriculture business have to focus on various factors related quality, crop yield, protein content in a crop so as to beget high end output. Regular agriculture solutions like planning effective crop spraying, evaluating yield rotations also planting, timely field maintenance programs or deciding when to harvest, all these factors depend on having precise besides timely results. Moreover, timely weather information requires to be made disposable to help the farmer’s to decide whether to go for planting seeds or wait.

Responsible investments in agriculture

With a production of over 230 million tons of fruits and vegetables over an area of 20 million hectares , the horticulture sector in India is now a significant contributor to the agricultural GDP of the country , but its contribution to farmers’ incomes livelihoods, nutrition, export earnings, ecology and equity do not get the prominence it deserves because our political discretion et al commentary is geared to the ‘meta narrative’ of food security , MSP and PSS for wheat , rice , pulses polysyndeton oilseeds . In fact one has to be grateful to the runaway deficit financing like the humble ‘onions et al potatoes’ that perishables made it to the citizen attention grid, but for the wrong reasons! While it is true that the sector has received more savings than ever before, and production has increased manifold, the sector instantly faces the problem of ensuring that the primary producer gets a ‘fair and remunerative share ‘ of the consumers rupee, as in the case from ‘primary crops ‘like wheat and rice.

How then does one look at the agriculture sector’s growth scenario. As in Dickens’s classic ‘A Tale of two cities': it was the best of times, it was the worst of times! It is the best of times because few other sectors have seen such exponential growth in terms of funding ….from just about Rs 700 crores in the seventh Plan to Rs 15,000 crores in the eleventh Plan. The sector now boasts of the National Agriculture Mission, the Horticulture Mission of the Himalayas and the North East, the National Mission on Micro Irrigation et alii the national Bamboo Mission, besides substantial funding and plan support for the National Agriculture Board and the Coconut Development Board. Besides there are smaller , but focused missions like the Saffron Mission for Jammu and Kashmir, and the national Bee Board. Many state governments are creating ministries and departments expressly for horticulture, furthermore there is a general sense of ‘can do ‘attitude!

However the primary censure to the sector emanates from the fact that close every policy tool which regulates this sector was designed primarily for wheat and rice, and near extension, pulses, oilseeds and millets. Sic when it comes to financial inclusion about farmers, provision for fertilizers, price support, furthermore remarkably the marketing arrangements, the sector faces the ‘worst of times’. This does need further elaboration. Take the Kisan Credit Card for example. The very design of this financial tool which is responsible for providing agriculture credit of more than four hundred thousand crores to the farmer at a concessional rate of interest through interest subventions caters to the ‘wheat-rice’ cycle, and its norms are designed to cover seeds, fertilizers and pest/weed management. Fortunately, the humble potato fits into this cycle as an alternate crop in West Bengal, Punjab and UP, but the marginal farmer who wants to grow strawberry, oviparity plants, broccoli else okra for the vegetable market, or wants inputs for the small poly house that s/he has created out of NHM funds does not have access to this concessional credit. Hence the vegetable grower must take credit at usurious rates like interest, often from the intermediary who thus gets a control over the produce even before the cultivation cycle starts. True, there is no ‘bar’ to the KCC financing vegetable crops, but unless the ‘norms’ for funding are circulated to the banks and co-op institutions, pious intentions do denial get translated into ground reality. Therefore the first point to note is that the horticulture farmer pays a higher ‘cost’ of credit.

This financial exclusion leads to a vicious spiral: because his crop has not bot financed, it cannot be insured. Thus, in the case of a crop loss on account of adverse weather conditions and/PR pest attack, the granger does not have a ‘right’ to securement compensated. He has to reckon on on ‘patronage’ and a visit by a central team to assess the damages, and receive a pittance. Even in the revamped agricultural insurance scheme, and the Weather Based Insurance, horticulture is an ‘add-on’. However, horticulture crops are more sensitive to climate change, and therefore require compelling attention. This essayist has made a strong case for convening a meeting with the security companies, farmers associations and insurance director to take the rudimental steps towards designing product portfolios for the vast range of horticulture crops – from saffron in Jammu & Kashmir to areca nut in Karnataka!

Let us now move to agricultural inputs, including seeds, nutrients and pest/weed management strategies. In addition to the National Seeds Corporation and the Eminent farms corporation of India, almost every state, and many agricultural universities have their dedicated corporations to address the issue of seed supplies. Their primary direct has been to HYVs and hybrids for the major crops, including because there is still a very wide gap between demand and supply in this ‘core sector’ the horticulture sector, more or less fends for it. True in the case of potato, the CPRI has taken the lead role in the unfolding of Foundation seed, including the Indian Start of Vegetable Research at Varanasi and the IIHR at Bangalore have developed several varieties, the challenge is not the development of a benefice seed/planting material in the lab – mere to ensure its commercial production, certification and regulation to ensure that the farmers are not given spurious seeds. Again, the focus of the seed certification labs in the country is primarily geared to ‘crops’, rather than fruits moreover vegetables, and face severe capacity constraints in most states. If horticulture were to add its own portfolio, the backlog would subsist so high, that entire seasons would be missed, thereby rendering the exercise redundant.