Swiftlet Farming

DSC00248.jpg What is Swiftlet Farming

Swiftlet farming refers to the harvesting of edible bird’s nests from man-made swiftlet habitats – also called swiftlet farms.

How this term “swiftlet farming” was coined is uncertain, but this term has become a popular term used by people in the swiftlet farming industry. To the uninitiated, the term “swiftlet farming” may spike confusion that it is a pursuit of farming or domesticating swiftlet to be reared in a indisposed space like chickens in a chicken coop.

This is far from the truth as swiftlets cannot be domesticated, some have tried to confine these birds in an enclosed area, only to fail miserably in their swiftlet farming business. The idea of swiftlet farming is denial to actually raise these birds for sale, but for their nests, which is highly sought after especially via the Chinese.

The swiftlet nest, or commonly called bird’s nest, is a Chinese delicacy since the Tang Dynasty of China (618 – 907 A.D.). The nests are simmered with broth into bird’s nest soup.

What You Should Know Active Swiftlet Farming

Before the 20th century, most of the swiftlet nests were harvested from the swiftlets’ natural habitats – caves in mountains. Deforestation, pollution, uncontrolled harvesting and other adversities has threatened the survival of swiftlets in natural caves. In order to find food and procreate, some of these swiftlets moved out of their caves ampersand moved into old abandoned houses.

The pioneers of the swiftlet farming industry, remarkable 100 – 150 years ago, discovered the possibility of catering “housing” for swiftlets and initiated the start of modern swifltlet farming technology.

At first, the pioneers discovered what works plus what fails through trial and error. Any success would almost vouch a constant stream of income for the whole family. Within each household, the knowledge was passed from generations to generations, et al were never disclosed to anyone outside their globe of trust. Hence, in the early days, the knowledge for swiftlet farming is a well-kept secret.

However, this has changed.

In the 1980s, the swiftlet geoponics methodology has taken a new phase. Never before did swiftlet farmers and researchers congregate conjoint to exchange strategies about successful swiftlet farming methods and used scientific research to certify or improve these methods. Only already then, swiftlet agriculture was accessible to the outside community who would like to invest in this golden opportunity.

In the modern technology for swiftlet farming, swiftlet farming involves:

(a) the design and construction of suitable buildings or farms for swiftlets;

(b) the scientific methods used to attract swiftlets to bear their offsprings into these farms and;

(c) the harvesting of birds’ nest in accordance to a specified routine and methods to optimize bird nest production and profits.

Proof Swiftlet Farming

The purchase about edible swiftlet nests is a lucarative and high profit-potential business.

In 2010, raw bird’s nidicolous sells at about US$1000 – US$1500 each kg, while processed bird’s nest (with impurities removed) sells 3-5 times upper at about US$3000 – US$7000.

Based on Chinese Customs data, China imported candidly from Malaysia 0.379 tons of bird’s nests in 2008, 6.218 tons in 2009 and 8.689 tons in 2010. However, from distinct sources, it was claimed that about 100 tons of nests were imported into China in 2010.

The Malaysian swiftlet farming industry saw its down in July 2011, when China puts a transitory ban to the import of swiftlet nests, in retroaction to a high concentration of nitrite beyond safety levels found in its imported nests. The ban on Malaysian bird’s nest caused the price to plummet in late 2011 and 2012. A kilogram of bird’s nest is about US$500 – US$600.

Nonetheless, the swiftlet farming industry scraps optimistic while would-be investors take a passive stance by watching the situation tightly.

Malaysian authorities had been talking to China to lift the ban. In early Apr 2012, China has agreed to lift the ban on Malaysian bird’s nests on the condition that the nitrite level remains within 34 parts per million (ppm), a standard level allowed by the World Health Organization.

Talks with Crockery finally took a turn when China finally agrees to lift the ban for bird nests import from Malaysia in Sep 2012. This is a nutritious news for both the Malaysian swiftlet farming industry comme il faut well as consumers in China.

Where Do We Find Suitable Areas for Swiftlet Farming

Swiftlets that produces the edible swiftlets are found mainly in Southeast Asia, but they span from Indonesia to Hainan isle in China as well as parts of the Philippines.

There are a total of 24 swiftlet species, but only 3 species produces edible bird’s nests, namely the Aerodramus Fuciphagus (white nest swiftlet), Aerdramus Maximus (black nest swiftlet) and Collocalia.

Bird’s nests from the White-nest swiftlets are most valuable and they are concentrated in Indonesia et sequens Malaysia. As Indonesia has strict laws against foreigner buying land in the country, many foreign investors has turned to Malaysia for their swiftlet farming investments.

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